Our blood is made up of many elements, including nutrients and biochemicals. One of these biochemicals is glucose. This is the simplest form of sugar. Our body’s basic element, glucose, is what gives us energy. Normal glucose levels in the blood are 99 mg/dL, or less. Any glucose level above 99 mg/dL indicates that the person is either pre-diabetic (up to 125 mg/dL), or has diabetes (126 mg/dL or higher).
Why is high blood glucose bad for you? High glucose levels can cause damage to many parts of the body, including your eyes, kidneys, blood vessels, and nerves. The insulin hormone, which is produced in the pancreas, uses glucose for energy production. The glucose that isn’t used by cells for energy production stays in our blood. This is usually due to insufficient insulin production from the pancreas, insufficient energy production by our bodies, or a malfunction in the insulin use by the body. Three types of diabetes can be caused by excess glucose.
Type 1 diabetes treatment is a genetic disorder that occurs when the body’s immune systems malfunctions and the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas are killed or destroyed. It is a genetic condition that can be found in anyone of any age. It is most commonly diagnosed in children and young adults. Type 2 diabetes can be caused by a person’s lifestyle choices. Nearly 90% of diabetics have type 2 diabetes. This is when the body doesn’t make enough insulin to produce energy or does not use insulin to break down glucose to produce energy. Gestational diabetes is a very common condition in pregnant women, even though it isn’t often considered a third type. Gestational diabetes can be experienced during pregnancy.
Both types of diabetes are caused by improper insulin production and glucose breakdown. It is important to inject insulin as required. Type 2 diabetics are often prescribed oral medications. This is because they cannot control their blood glucose levels even if they exercise and eat properly. The medication is usually prescribed by doctors in the form of pills or tablets. These oral medications serve many functions, including enhancing the body’s natural insulin efficiency, maintaining blood glucose levels, preventing sugar absorption, and producing more insulin when needed. You can also change your lifestyle to manage diabetes. First, eat healthy food according to the needs of diabetic patients. The food should have fewer calories, trans fats, saturated fat, salt, and sugar. Food should be high in fibre, minerals, and vitamins. Whole grain cereals, brown rice and breads are all good options for diabetics. To maintain a healthy body, it is important to be active. Walking for at least 10 minutes per day, stretching, and yoga are some of the simple exercises you can do.
Diabetic patients often feel helpless as they believe they will be suffering from this silent killer disease their entire lives. This is often false. Remember that only you can make your health better. To manage diabetes, plan your healthcare and write down your goals. You must be consistent and disciplined in your healthcare management. Regularly check your blood sugar, cholesterol, and blood pressure levels.